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    3 Common Reasons for Basement Water Damage

    A Basement
    Your basement is at least partially underground, which is where water drains to after storms or after your plumbing system is done with it. So it makes sense that your basement can be extra vulnerable to water damage and the problems that come with it, such as foundation problems and mold infestations.

    Here are three common reasons your basement could be subjected to water damage.

    1. Plumbing Leaks

    Basements often have many water lines running through them, so they can easily develop plumbing leaks. One type of plumbing leak that can often fly under the radar for a long time even while it causes damage is a slab leak. If you notice water damage in your basement when it hasn't been wet recently, a slab leak is often the cause.

    This term doesn't mean your slab foundation is leaking; it means the water supply line underneath the slab (or the sewer line) is leaking. Because the pipe has a concrete slab directly above it, you can't easily access it to check for leaks.

    A slab leak can greatly increase your water bills as it leaks water out into the ground, and it can damage your foundation by wearing away the ground your house stands on. In addition, a slab leak often spikes your home's humidity significantly, which can cause damage such as warping of wood floors and other wood components or furniture.

    A slab leak can also push so much water into the ground beneath your foundation that water starts seeping directly through the concrete. You may not notice this at first if your basement is finished and there's a rug on the floor, but it can still cause severe damage and encourage mold growth.

    2. Poor Drainage

    Good drainage around your home is extremely important because the water has to drain somewhere, and if it can't drain quickly enough in the other direction, it will start to drain into your basement. The hydrostatic pressure, the pressure caused by water in the soil pushing against your foundation wall, can allow water in even through cinder blocks or poured concrete.

    Check the ground around your home for drainage problems. If water is pooling in the area or if the ground isn't clearly sloping away from your walls in every direction, you may need some drainage work. Or if your downspouts aren't extended at least ten feet away from your walls, adding downspout extensions can be an easy way to improve drainage.

    3. Storm Flooding

    Storms can make the ground very wet, meaning water is more likely to leach into your basement. A sump pump and good basement waterproofing tool that can help to control this type of moisture.

    In addition to falling victim to hydrostatic pressure, your basement could take on water when your septic or sewer system gets overwhelmed by stormwater and starts to back up. Since the basement is the lowest point in the house, it tends to be the first to suffer from sewer backup. If you want to avoid this smelly problem, you need to get a check valve installed.

    Flash flooding can also infiltrate your basement through any doors or windows that are at ground level, or through any cracks or crannies that aren't watertight, including between foundation bricks.

    These three common reasons can all cause unwanted water to end up in your basement, precipitating water damage, mold and mildew, high humidity in the home, and even damage to belongings and home systems. You can help prevent water damage problems by keeping drainage and plumbing in good shape, installing a check valve, and making prompt repairs.

    For more advice on how to protect your basement from water damage or to discuss water damage remediation today, get in touch with Appalachian Restoration & Cleaning. We serve the entire western North Carolina area with high-quality professional water damage cleanup and repairs, and we even offer emergency services around the clock.